How to write about math on the internet.

MathJax is an open source JavaScript display engine for mathematics that works in all browsers. MathJax enables you to write LaTeX-like equations that get nicely displayed in a web browser, like this:

And this:

And this:

And this:

You can even make colorful equations like:

The LaTeX wikibook is a useful resource for examples and syntax.

## Setting up MathJax with Jekyll

One of the benefits of blogging with Jekyll and GitHub Pages is how easy it is to write in MathJax.

To load the MathJax javascript on blog posts, add the following lines in the post.html file located in the _layouts folder.

<script type="text/javascript"
src="http://cdn.mathjax.org/mathjax/latest/MathJax.js?config=TeX-AMS-MML_HTMLorMML">
</script>


That’s all! Now you can start writing in MathJax.

## Some examples

Let’s try an example. How to write the simple equation:

How do you write this? Very simple: use double dollar signs

$$a^2 + b^2 = c^2$$


#### Fractions:

$$\frac{n!}{k!(n-k)!} = \binom{n}{k}$$


#### Continued Fractions:

\begin{equation}
x = a_0 + \cfrac{1}{a_1
+ \cfrac{1}{a_2
+ \cfrac{1}{a_3 + \cfrac{1}{a_4} } } }
\end{equation}


#### Symbols:

$$X \rightarrow Y \rightarrow \hat{X}$$

$$\Rightarrow$$

$$I(\hat{X};X) \leq I(Y;X)$$


#### Matrices:

$$A_{m,n} = \begin{pmatrix} a_{1,1} & a_{1,2} & \cdots & a_{1,n} \\ a_{2,1} & a_{2,2} & \cdots & a_{2,n} \\ \vdots & \vdots & \ddots & \vdots \\ a_{m,1} & a_{m,2} & \cdots & a_{m,n} \end{pmatrix}$$


#### Inserting space with quad:

f(n) =
\begin{cases}
n/2       & \quad \text{if } n \text{ is even}\\
-(n+1)/2  & \quad \text{if } n \text{ is odd}\\
\end{cases}


## Using color

In order to use color, you need to include the following script in the post.html file in the _layouts folder in your Jekyll file structure:

  <script type="text/x-mathjax-config">
MathJax.Hub.Config({ TeX: { extensions: ["color.js"] }});
</script>


And now you can start writing MathJax in color!

Define colors using the \definecolor command, providing a color name and RBG code. Implement colors using the \color command preceding the text that you want to color.

$$\definecolor{energy}{RGB}{114,0,172} \definecolor{freq}{RGB}{45,177,93} \definecolor{spin}{RGB}{251,0,29} \definecolor{signal}{RGB}{18,110,213} \definecolor{circle}{RGB}{217,86,16} \definecolor{average}{RGB}{203,23,206} \color{energy} X_{\color{freq} k} \color{black} = \color{average} \frac{1}{N} \sum_{n=0}^{N-1} \color{signal}x_n \color{spin} e^{\mathrm{i} \color{circle} 2\pi \color{freq}k \color{average} \frac{n}{N}}$$